Week 5 Instructions Length: 5–7 pages, 7–9 paragraphs, 1250–1600 words This writ

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Week 5 Instructions Length: 5–7 pages, 7–9 paragraphs, 1250–1600 words This writing project includes a comprehensive application of the elements of critical reasoning that we are studying in this course. The main objective is to use the critical thinking strategies described in the course to analyze and evaluate contrasting arguments. This is not an opinion piece or persuasive essay. The goal is to present contrasting arguments using information from credible sources and to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of these positions using content from the course. As you put this together, are you following the critical analysis process that we emphasize in critical reasoning? This means fairly considering all research equally before reaching a conclusion. Your rough draft should include 1–2 paragraphs for each of the following elements: 1. Introduction: Identify the issue/topic. Provide the necessary background and important recent developments. Define key terms and concepts. 2. Arguments and Counterarguments: Summarize the best arguments on both sides of the issue. Include relevant research from credible sources used to support each conclusion. 3. Evaluation of Critical Thinking: Assess the strength of the arguments and the quality of thinking surrounding this issue. o Identify weaknesses in critical thinking such as fallacies, rhetorical devices, vague language, and cognitive biases. Provide specific examples of how these weaknesses appear in arguments, using terminology and definitions from the course o Evaluate the quality of scientific and anecdotal evidence using the standards of inductive and deductive reasoning described in the course. Consider the quality of causal relationship, analogies, generalizations, and/or moral reasoning. 4. Conclusion: Analyze the totality of research and offer a critical thinker’s response to the issue. Identify your own position and experience with the issue and explain how your thinking of the subject has evolved as a result of your analysis. You must use a minimum of 5 research references in APA Style and include in-text citations in your paragraphs. Include a minimum of 3 academic peer-reviewed books or journal articles. Other sources may be used as supplemental sources, such as journalistic, government, web-based, or media sources. Sources should not include dictionaries, encyclopedias, or general information websites like Wikipedia. Consult your instructor regarding any source of which you unsure. Use the WCU Library as your best resource. FEED BACK ON ROUGH DRAFT Good topic and exploration, although it’s kept a bit broad at times. Try to refine your focus on the arguments used – keep in mind that you should be analyzing specific arguments that have been presented, so try to locate those specific arguments to then assess, and then directly provide the claim and premise to analyze the reasoning at work in the movement from premise to claim.. Right now your argument is broadly looking at social media as an argument in itself, but the problem with that approach is that there isn’t necessarily a coherent or clear presentation of the arguments that have specifically been made Conclusion can also be strengthened to demonstrate more fully which side you think provides stronger reasoning and why. As I note in my assignment explainer, put yourself in the position of judge, having to make a determination as to which side presents a stronger argument – judges also have to issue lengthy decisions that explain their reasoning and why they think one side is stronger based on the evidence. Good work mostly on APA, though the textbook is missing an author and the rest of the citation. Moreno et al. reference should capitalize ‘Health’ in the journal name. First word after colon in the Tsoy et al. reference should be capitalized. Week 8 Instructions The goal of this paper is to construct a fair-minded, unbiased, analytical analysis of a topic in a comprehensive essay. • This is not an opinion piece or a persuasive essay that simply aims to prove or reinforce what you already believe. This would be confirmation bias, and bias must be avoided in this project. • This project needs to avoid harsh rhetoric or language that is harmful and hurtful in nature. The point is to be objective and unemotional in your approach. • This essay should be written in a fair, academic, respectful, and analytical manner regardless of any of your opinions, feelings, or preconceived notions about the topic. • Both sides of your topic must be treated with equal attention, both in terms of the number and quality of sources and in the depth and breadth of their presentation in your essay. Both sides should be addressed in the same number of paragraphs in roughly equivalent detail, and should be supported by the same number of quality sources. • You must identify and define rhetorical devices and logical fallacies on both sides of the argument. Be sure you indicate which specific rhetorical device and fallacy you have found, and there is evidence in your sources of these course concepts in practice that is cited in your paper. • You will present statements and claims for analyzing both sides of the topic. Only then should you state you own conclusion as an objective, critical thinker given the information presented. Essay Format: Your essay must be 5–7 pages (1600–1900 words) in length. The abstract, title page, and reference list do not count in the page or word count. The essay must have the following elements: • Times New Roman • 12-point • Double-spaced • 1-inch margins • Proper Level I and Level II APA section headings for all major sections of the essay • All other applicable APA formatting Required Elements: • A properly formatted APA title page • A properly formatted APA abstract • Body of the paper o Introduction: Identify the issue. Provide the necessary background and/or important recent developments. Define key terms and concepts. Engage the reader and explain the broader significance of the issue. o Arguments and Counterarguments: Summarize the best arguments on both sides of the issue. Include relevant research from credible sources used to support each conclusion. Devote at least one paragraph to each side. o Evaluation of Critical Thinking: Assess the strength of the arguments and the quality of thinking surrounding this issue.  Identify weaknesses in critical thinking such as fallacies, rhetorical devices, vague language, and cognitive biases. Provide specific examples of how these weaknesses appear in arguments you encountered, using terminology and definitions from the course. Be specific! Present evidence from your sources that show these fallacies/biases being used.  Evaluate the quality of scientific and anecdotal evidence using the standards of inductive and deductive reasoning described in the course. Consider the quality of causal relationship, analogies, generalizations, and/or moral reasoning. o Conclusion: Analyze the totality of research and offer a critical thinker’s response to the issue. Identify your own position and experience with the issue and explain how your thinking of the subject has evolved as a result of your analysis. Your conclusion does not have to be absolute, but it should not be equivocal. If both sides have good arguments, which is better, even if only slightly better, and what is the argument that tips the scales in the sides’ favor? Why does that point tip the scales? • A properly formatted APA reference list o Sources should appear in alphabetical order according to the last name of the first author listed on the source. o If there is no author(s), then the source should be cited by title or organization. Sources and Research Sources: You must use five scholarly or academic sources and all research should be published within the last five years. Sources not scholarly or academic in nature may affect your grade. It is highly recommended that most of your research be conducted via the WCU Library. Eligible sources listed best-to-worst: • Peer-reviewed journal articles o Peer review is the process that allows scientists to trust the reliability of published journal articles. The only way to tell if a journal article has been peer reviewed is to look for information about the journal, normally on the publisher’s website. Most databases do not indicate if an article is peer reviewed or not. o The WCU library contains many of peer-reviewed sources. This is going to be the most desired type of evidence to use for any paper at WCU. • Scholarly research articles o Research articles (original research articles, primary research articles, or case studies) are your standard scientific articles. Most often published in peer-reviewed journals, primary research articles report on the findings of a scientist’s work. o They almost always include a description of how the research was conducted and what the results mean. This is also a highly desirable type of research to use for your papers. • Government and state reports o Many government agencies like the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Institute of Mental Health (NIHM), and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) may have studies and statistics that may be useful for your topic. However, these sources are usually informational reports in nature, and therefore they rarely dig into the critical arguments used by the sides of a topic. o Though usually credible and reliable source, government reports should generally be used as supplemental, secondary sources to support or rebut academic sources. They should not be the main sources of your argument. • Other articles or sources o When this general term is used for an assignment, get clarification from your instructor about the source requirements. These are articles or sources that have been well researched and inclu

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