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How to Write a Reflection Paper
For reflection papers, please know that you are not just summarizing. Summarization is not the goal of students in higher education.
Why? Because it does not push our understanding forward. If we all were just going to re-write the book, we could just read the book.
In your reflection papers you will be arriving at your own conclusions, telling us what is the significance, how has what you are reading affected the world overall in the past or even today, or what lessons one may apply to our lives based on what we are learning. In other words, you are answering the question for your audience, or readership who happens to be me for the reflection papers, why do we care about this content?
Of course, you will have to summarize some, we summarize the content because we are talking about the content. But by itself, that useless. My point is that our end goal is not summarization, that is just the tool we use to arrive our at goal, which is making inferences (conclusions) and analysis. Tell us why we care.
I write quite a bit in each module to assist in this endeavor, offering some prompts to lead in you in the right direction. But as long as you put in the effort and arrive a on conclusion regarding the material, we are on the right tract.
Reflection Paper 2 instructions:
You will have to read Chapter 3 in the ebook that I will provide the details so you can get access to it online, that’s the ONLY SOURCE YOU CAN USE TO GET FOR INFORMATION! please don’t use any other outside source.
when you sign in, go to digital bookshelf and there you can get access to the ebook, please read the chapter 3 if you have any questions please let me know
The Seven Years War (or the French and Indian War as it was known in the colonies) resulted in the French ceding the Louisiana Territory to their ally, the Spanish. This prevented Britain from gaining that region, as to two allies, the French and Spanish, lost that conflict in the mid 1700s. Additionally, Spain ceded Florida to Britain in exchange for the return of Cuba, which Britain had conquered during the war. This resifting of European powers in the New World left Spain less apprehensive about a rival power establishing itself in Texas (unlike the past when French settlements bordered Spanish territory in Texas, which led to succession of unsuccessful Spanish settlements in East Texas). Spain now turned its attention to evaluating its strategic position within upper part of New Spain (present day Texas) and its efficiency or lack of such.
What Marques de Rubi, the officer in charge of inspecting the numerous presidios, missions and settlements, found led to the re-organization of many of these settlements and new military policies within Texas. Rubi’s recommendations included closing Los Adaes, El Orcoquisac, for instance. This would be part of a large plan in 1772, called the Reglamento, which also required certain (with the exceptions of Santa Fe and San Antonio), presidios that were not closed would relocate to where they would be lined up approximately along the 30 degree north latitude. (This was an effort to have them act as one body to a relative degree, they would be close to 100 miles apart so that better management and communication between them could be implemented).
A few exceptions, such as San Antonio, would leave Rubi impressed. San Antonio, while still lacking in certain areas of development, had a growing population, multiple missions that were still actively working on converting and assimilating several indigenous groups, and it economy was relatively stable. Nevertheless, if you would, please explain Rubi’s main complaint about what he saw among the presidio commanders in Texas and the overall assessment of these settlements. To be sure, an examination of his assessment leads one to see comparable deficiencies and issues in a number of areas he inspected. This corruption would lead to stagnation in terms of societal growth and military preparedness. Please give lengthy detail.
Change is without a doubt multifaceted, as seen throughout Texas history. Political changes would result new settlements, military commands, and policies towards Indigenous peoples of the area in the late 18th century. The comprehensive changes and analysis of the situation in Texas would also have an effect on the mission system as well, with the beginnings of secularization, or suppression, in the mid 1790s.
Despite the closing of Los Adaes (the previous capital of Spain’s Texas, the capital would transfer to San Antonio in the early 1770s), East Texas would soon be revived with the settlement of Nacogdoches in 1779. This partly due to the lack of success officials had in the relocation of the residents from the Los Adaes settlement. As conflict among the Texas Indians was sporadic, often continuous during certain periods and with certain groups, military and political advisors sought solutions to bring harmony to the frontier of Texas. If you would, please explain the relatively successful Spanish Indian policy, during the latter part of the 18th century, referred to as “peace by purchase” beginning in 1785. While there would be exceptions, specifically seen in the ongoing conflict with various Apache groups, peace with other groups did come to fruition for a time.
This missions had historically served an important purpose within Spanish America, as previously noted. Their task was to assist in the assimilation of various indigenous peoples in Spanish America. The results varied from region to region. However, by the mid to late 18th century, as the central and southern areas of present day Texas began to see increased settlement and economic development, as well as a high cost for running the missions that could not be justified by the lacking number of Indians residing in the missions, a new policy was set forth to decrease their influence. Additionally, there was conflict between settlers and the Friars for a few reasons. Please explain this conflict and how it may have stood in the way of economic progress for multiple groups. (Hint: one could call the economy an agrarian economy, primarily an agricultural based system. More specifically in Texas……ranching was at the heart of the system through much of its history). (Second Hint: Missions in Bexar for instance, claimed large tracts of land southeast of Bexar, as other missions also did so early on. Mission Francisco de la Espada founded the goat ranch, Ranch de las Cabras, near present day Floresville). This means that land and labor were essentially equivalent to cash.) Please explain in depth, how this contributed to the wealth of the missions, the conflict, and the policies that resulted in their (not complete), but relative decreased influence.
An area that one should examine and question is, how does government both today as well as in the past regulate trade to bring in wealth to the government? Beginning in the 17th century the English had taxed exported goods and crops, such as tobacco, the cash crop in the early English colonies. In Texas, an ordinance was declared in 1778, declaring unbranded cattle property of the crown, requiring license for exporting cattle from Texas, and enabling the government to tax unbranded cattle exported to market. One should question the effects on the various parties within Texas at that point, specifically the mission ranches. Civilian ranchers claimed and branded large herds of unbranded cattle during the temporary exemption of taxes, prior to the ordinance’s implementation. In addition, the large tracts of land that the missions previously held became royal property, eventually being occupied by private owners. Consider the long-term effects on the missions and the decline of their influence by the late 18th century.
Finally, if you would, please mention the role women played within the Spanish Empire. While life on the Texas frontier was not a life of ease, Spanish law was much more progressive in terms of women’s’ rights (regardless of her ancestry), when compared to certain other countries. Please explain what rights women retained, as compared to other governments, where for example English dower rights only afforded a window 1/3 of her deceased husband’s property.
Please remember, it is not required to included every topic in your reflection paper. Again, you may find other parts of the chapter more relevant. Please pick three or four that you find important and critically analyze them.
3 paragraphs min. Please refer to the syllabus for further requirements for all reflection papers.